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DIET QUALITY AND EDUCATIONAL STATUS OF FEMALE

Gargi Dhar and Nandini Sarwate
Dept of Home Science, Government MLB Girls PG College, Indore, MP

International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.9(1) (Jan-June, 2013) (57-63)

Abstract

A study was conducted to explore the possible relationship between educational status of female and their diet quality. The sample was selected using a systematic sampling design and data were collected by face-to-face interview from 150 middle aged women [(age: 40-60yrs); irrespective of any socioeconomic status] of Indore City, Madhya Pradesh. Educational attainment was categorized into 6 levels: (i) illiterate (ii)primary education (iii)secondary education(iv) higher secondary education(v) Graduate(vi) post graduate. Seven days dietary recall method was adopted to collect information related to food habit and consumption. Significant associations were found between level of education and intake of pulses(r = +0.234**, p <.01), vegetables (r = +0.243**, p <.01), fruits (r = +0.314**, p <.01) and milk_milk products(r = +0.280**, p <.01). Educational status was inversely correlated with intake of cereal (r = -.055), meat_fish_egg (r = -.117), fat_oil (r = -.094) and sugar_jaggery (r = -.118) and positively correlated with nut (r = +.017). Female with low levels of education were least likely to intake foods that were comparatively high in fibre and low in fat, salt and sugar. It can be concluded that higher-quality diets were associated with greater affluence, based on knowledge, prestige, power, and resources.

Keywords: Diet quality, Educational status, Middle aged women

Introduction

Now a days, dietary energy density is considered as one of the index to assess the overall quality of a diet (Ledikwe et al., 2006). Diets high in whole grains, lean meats, fish, and fresh vegetables and fruit have a low energy density (defined as the available dietary energy per unit weight) and a high content of vitamins and minerals (Ledikwe et al., 2006 and Andrieu et al.,2006). In many epidemiologic studies it has been showed that their consumption has been associated with better health (WHO, 2003)....

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