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International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.14 (1) (Jan.-April, 2018) (23-36)

Production and Export Performance of Handloom Industry in India

Konita Basumatary* and Keshab Basumatary**

*Assistant Professor 
Department of Economics, Bodoland University 
Kokrajhar (Assam)
 
**Associate Professor
Department of Economics, Bodoland University, 
Kokrajhar, BTAD, Assam
 
 

Abstract

 

Handloom is the oldest known form of making cloth by hand operated manually unlike motorized or electrically power looms. The handloom sector is a labour intensive sector and largest economic activity next to agriculture in generation of employment and it provides livelihood to million weavers and ancillary workers. It plays a very important role in the development of rural economy. In this article the investigator tries to analyze the performance of handloom production and export. The findings show that over the period of 1980-81 to 1988-89, cloth production by mill reduced at a rate of 1.8 percent per annum. The production of cloth by handloom is seen to reduce at a rate of 0.4 percent and that of powerloom has increased at a rate of 5.5 percent per annum during period of1980-81 to 1988-89. Over the period of 1990-91 to 2015-16, cloth production by handloom has reduced at a rate of only 3 percent per annum. The finding indicates a steady increased of textile export during pre liberalization but it has reduced in post liberalization.

Key words: Textile, Handloom, Powerloom, Cloth, Liberalization



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