Academic & Law Serials


International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.14 (1) (Jan.-April, 2018) (37-46)

Influence of Sibling Related Factors on Sibling Relationship Between Normal Children and mentally challenged sibling

Arogyaasha A. Shali and Manjula Patil

Department of Human Development and Family Studies
College of Rural Home Science, Dharwad
University of Agricultural Sciences
Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India



To evaluate the influence of number of sibling, sibling spacing and sibling constellation on sibling relationship of mentally challenged children. Ninety healthy siblings (ages 5–18 years) of children with mental retardation and their parents taken as population for the study from urban and rural areas of selected districts of Northern Karnataka and special schools for mentally retarded located in Hubblli-Dharwad city comprised the population for the study. Sibling relationship Questionnaire (SRQ) (Furman Buhrmester, 1990) was used to assess the typical sibling’s perceptions of the relationship and behaviors towards their sibling and related sibling factors. Results reveled that children with one sibling reported higher sibling relationship and showed significant impact on sibling relationship. Among urban area, there was no significant influence of number of children on sibling relationship. In both rural and urban locality, sibling spacing showed non-significant association with sibling relationship. Children with spacing of 1-2 years found to have high level of sibling relationship than the children with 3-4 years and five or more than five years. Sibling constellation showed the significant association with sibling relationship in both rural and urban children. In both rural urban children Elder sister-younger sister dyad found to had higher level of sibling relationship. 

Key words: Number of sibling, Sibling spacing and Sibling constellation.