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International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.14 (1) (Jan.-April, 2018) (69-79)

Osteoporosis Risk Factors Among Rural Women: A Study from India

Bharathi R* and Baby D**

*Assistant Professor (Contract)
Department of Home Science 
Sri Padmavati Mahila Visva Vidyalayam
Tirupati, Chittoor (Dt), A.P.-517502.

**Professor (Rtd)
Department of Home Science
SVU College of Sciences, S.V. University
Tirupati, Chittoor (Dt), A.P.-517502

 

Abstract

 

Osteoporosis, silently progressing metabolic bone disease is widely prevalent in India. The osteoporosis condition can be present without any symptoms for decades unless bone fractures. Hence, awareness on the causative factors of the onset of disease is required to reduce the incidence of the disease. The current study focused on preliminary screening of osteoporosis and to find out the possible risk factors contributing osteoporosis among rural women through the simplest technique, quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Bone Mineral Density (BMD) testing was done by QUS for screening osteoporosis among four different age groups viz.., 35-44 years (n=52), 45-54 years (n=64), 55-64 years (n=58) and 65-75 years (n=29). The risk analysis was carried on demographic, menstrual, obstetric history and menopausal status in relation to BMD t-score. The significant factors contributing to the onset of osteoporosis identified during this investigation were progressing age, lower education, low income, early pregnancy, nulli and multi-parity, abortions, non-breast feeding, early menopause and artificially induced menopause. The findings represented the higher prevalence of osteoporosis among post menopausal women. The observations represented the bare need of appropriate nutrition and health education to make aware of the rural women on the possible risk factors and to understand about the suitable preventive measures in maintaining better bone health. 

Key words: Osteoporosis, Quantitative ultra sound bone densitometry, Bone mineral density, Bone health, Osteoporosis risk factors, Rural women.


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