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International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.14 (1) (Jan.-April, 2018) (89-100)

Gender Differentials in the Relationship Between Metacognition and Multiple Intelligence Among Rural Adolescents

Gagandeep Kaur Gharial*, Sarita Saini** and Deepika Vig***

M Sc Student*
Deptt.of Human Development and Family Studies
College of Home Science, Punjab Agricultural University
Ludhiana (Punjab) India
 
Associate Professor**
Deptt.of Human Development and Family Studies
College of Home Science, Punjab Agricultural University
Ludhiana (Punjab) India
 
Professor***
Deptt.of Human Development and Family Studies
College of Home Science, Punjab Agricultural University
Ludhiana (Punjab) India

Abstract

 

Metacognition is a set of skills that enable learners to become aware of how they learn and to evaluate and adapt these skills to become increasingly effective at learning. Metacognitive skilfulness is important in learning and is a stronger predictor of academic achievement.Similarly,multiple intelligence is a framework for characterizing individuals’ distinctive knowledge components.Therefore, this investigation aimedat studying the gender differentials in the relationship between metacognition and multiple intelligence among rural adolescents. The sample for the study comprised 200 rural school-going adolescents (N=200) studying in grade 9th and 10th,exclusively drawn from selected Government Senior Secondary Schools in the villages of Ludhiana-1 Block. The subjects were randomly selected and equally distributed across both the genders (males= 100 & females= 100). Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (Schraw & Dennison 1994) and Multiple Intelligence Survey (McKenzie 1999) were used to assess the metacognition and multiple intelligence of the selected subjects. Irrespective of gender, the results of the study revealed a statistically significant correlation between sub-components of metacognition and overall multiple intelligence as well as between different types of multiple intelligence and overall metacognition. Further it was observed that irrespective of gender, ‘multiple intelligence’ and ‘metacognition’ mutually impacted each other.

Key words: Metacognition, Knowledge of cognition, Regulation of cognition, Multiple intelligence.

 

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