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International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.14 (1) (Jan.-April, 2018) (121-128)

Father’s Involvement in Child Development
 
Priya M
Assistant Professor
Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and 
Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore
 
 
Abstract
 
Parent involvement plays a crucial role in social, emotional, educational learning preventing risky behavior in the later stage. There is no doubt that early experience has influences on later development. Especially the role of fathers in upbringing children makes differences in many aspects such as cognition, behavior, social skills, emotional responses, and personality. Many foreign researchers have found that the value of father involvement is determined by the quality of interaction between fathers and children-for example, a father’s responsiveness to the needs of his child rather than the amount of quality time fathers spend with their children. In the last decade, the crucial role of a mother on child care has been examined nerveless, relatively little attention has been paid in INDIA on the role of early father involvement in child development. By keeping this in view present study focused on assessing ‘Father’s involvement in child development.’ A total of 42 fathers were selected through convenient sampling from Coimbatore and Tirupati for the conduct of the study. These fathers were assessed with their early involvement in child rearing and development by self-prepared questionnaire on ‘Early father’s involvement in child development.’ The results revealed that fathers are more involved in child’s basic and recreational needs rather than educational needs and proved father’s involvement is satisfactorily high in fulfilling child’s needs for overall development. This study showed father’s took involvement in child’s daily needs such as bathing, feeding, caressing, discipline and spend time to make them sleep. Father’s were also shown interest in taking their children to play area as well as involved themselves in play and entertainment through fun, stories, watching cartoon and so on. When it comes to educational needs father’s did not show much interest in child’s homework completion, helping them to learn alphabets or drawing. This study proved fathers are much interested in fulfilling child’s basic and recreational needs. 
 
Key words: Father’s involvement, Basic needs, Educational needs, Recreational needs.