Academic & Law Serials

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National Geographer, Vol.L, No.1 + 2 (Jan-June, July-Dec. 2015), Pages 27-40

Existing Land Use Pattern and Management Issues in Uttar Pradesh

Narendra Kumar Rana
D.D.U. Gorakhpur University,
Gorakhpur
 
Abstract
 
Optimum utilization of land resource is necessary for achieving sustainable development goals. In an agrarian economy, the problem associated with land use must be addressed in the context of public policy, socio-economic condition and the natural environment. The present study examines the existing land use pattern of Uttar Pradesh in 2011-12, and explains the reasons for spatial variations and their prima facie causes in different categories of land use pattern in the state. The aim is to present a comprehensive land use picture of the state for planners and policy makers so as to facilitate appropriate decision at the apex level. The study analyses the land use pattern based on a nine-fold classification system with administrative district as unit of study. Besides, the study also underlines the inherent anomalies in forest, land under non-agricultural use and fallow land. It must be addressed immediately through appropriate policy and planning.
 
Key words: land use planning, public policy, land degradation, nine fold classification system
 
Introduction
 
LAND is one of the most valuable and basic natural resource of mankind. It is fixed and un-expandable. There are competing claims in terms of its use over this limited resource. In view of heavy population pressure and diversified economic potential which is mounting day by day, its optimal use becomes a sine qua non for achieving sustainable development goals. The loss and degradation of land resources need to be seen in the context of public policy, socio-economic conditions and the environment. Their impact on agriculture and food production, as well as on the ecological and protective functions of natural and managed ecosystems is, however, universally recognised. Recently, the UN Millennium Declaration, the UN Millennium Development Goals and the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) Plan of Implementation recognised the maintained integrity and restoration of land resources as a critical factor in achieving economic and ecological sustainability. To meet these challenges, new and innovative approaches are required (UNEP 2004).