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National Geographer, Vol.L, No.1 + 2 (Jan-June, July-Dec. 2015), Pages 41-54

Analysis of Future City Expansion, Housing Scenario and Environmental Issues in Lucknow City

 
Ashwajeet Chaudhary
Allahabad University, Allahabad
 
Abstract
 
The government of India has recognized Lucknow as a Metropolis of Category B City. The city is aimed to generate and provide strategic framework for sustainable development towards achieving their long term vision by 2040, guided by a shared and collective vision, for delivering sustainable development accompanied with poverty reduction, thereby, helping the city, in achieving an environmentally sound, sustainable and self-sufficient status. In the recent past, Lucknow has been a favoured destination with respect to the opportunities, it provided and hopes, it generated as future ideal city. At present, the city is known to be the hub of basic amenities and services and consequently witnessed a significant in-migration, coupled with the fast urban growth and population of the city has grown from 4.6 lacs in 1951 to 29.2 lacs. There is a crucial issue of environmental degradation in which the growth of the city is linked with hyper-enhancing urban activities thereby; a substantial need for improvements in urban infrastructure and thus, in the basic amenities is highly envisaged. In the light above, this paper envisioned to present a comprehensive assessment of the housing scenario and the issues, the city at present is struggling with. This paper attempts to present the current status, identify the issues and suggest remodeling of the growth to alleviate the state of environment in the city.
 
Key words: Land use, Master plan, Environmental issues, Slum, Urbanization.
 
STUDY AREA
 
THE government of India has recognized Lucknow, the Capital City, as a Metropolis of Category B City. Lucknow is situated 123 metre above the sea level and is located between 26˚30’ and 27˚10’ North latitude and 80˚30’ and 81˚13’ East longitude (Figure 1a). Lucknow Metropolis, the State Capital of Uttar Pradesh has emerged as one of the largest and most developed city of North India. The city is sprawled on both banks of River Gomti over an area of 350 sq.km with total population of 29.22 lacs at present whereas its urban/ metropolitan population is 28.17 lacs (Census, 2011). Lucknow city contributes about 66.21 percent of the State’s urban population. The city is famous for its heritage and popularly known as seat of Nawabs. The city is now among the fastest growing cities of India and emerged as important centre of modern technology, investment, institutional development and a progressive outlook.