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National Geographer, Vol.L, No.1 + 2 (Jan-June, July-Dec. 2015), Pages 103-115

Study of Interrelationship between Geomorphic Features and Tourist Places in Gaya District through the Application of Geo-Spatial Technology

Swati Jain and Sarvesh Tripathi
Allahabad University,
Allahabad
 
Abstract
 
Tourism is a broad concept which is an act and process of spending time away from home in pursuit of recreation, relaxation, and pleasure, while making use of the commercial provision of services. It can be in different forms. It can be in the form of pilgrimage (religious tourism), business tourism, sports tourism, and medical tourism etc. Geography is one of the key to the study of tourism, because tourism is geographical in nature. Tourism occurs at specific places, it involves movement and activities between spaces and traditionally study of space is one of the main purpose of geography. Geography not only studies the spaces it examines the interrelationships between places, landscapes and people. Physical geography provides the essential background, against which tourist places are created and environmental impacts and concerns are major issues that must be considered in managing the development of tourist places. Present paper is designed to study the major tourist places in Gaya district with their physical reference and occurrence. For this purpose satellite data have been used to identify the relief features of Gaya district and major physical features have been extracted from the scratch. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of Gaya district is created for this purpose. The district has been broadly divided in to four physical classes which are directly related to major tourist attractions. These classes are namely Hill side, River side, Pond side and the fourth is discrete. The majority of tourist places in Gaya district are found to be in first three classes. A strong relation is found between the relief features and the tourist places. With the identification of this kind of interrelation between place, relief and tourists, it will be helpful for government and local administrations to develop, accommodate and manage future facilities for the visitors.
 
Key words: Tourism, Physical geography, Geo-spatial technology, Digital elevation Model (DEM), Relief, Satellite data
 
Introduction
 
WITH the increase in interactions between the people tourism is becoming more regular than before. Tourism happens when people change places away from their home for different purposes. Dictionaries, for example, commonly explain a ‘tourist’ as a person undertaking a tour - a circular trip that is usually made for religious or business, pleasure or education, at the end of which one returns to the starting point, normally the home (Williams 1998:3). However places for the tour are predefined and that differentiates tourism from exploration. By default when we think about predefined places we visualize their physical and human features spontaneously thus we enter in the field of geography.