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National Geographer, Vol.L, No.1 + 2 (Jan-June, July-Dec. 2015), Pages 129-136

 Impact of Human Activities on Water Quality of the River Ganga: A Case Study of Uttar Pradesh

Rajneesh Kumar and Divya Raj

Allahabad University, Allahabad

Abstract

Water is the life of all living beings. In India, rivers fulfill every need of the people. Ganga is a big source of water supply in north India but today it is fighting for its existence as its water quality is deteriorating and badly affected by pollution from Haridwar to West Bengal. The major objective of this study is to analyse the water quality of the river Ganga in U.P. This state has the biggest catchment area of Ganga and the river is more polluted here. When Ganga comes in plains of U.P. it becomes more polluted by human activities such as social, religious, agricultural and economic activities. The present work is based on secondary data sources. Data have been collected from CPCB report, different government reports, articles, magazines and web based journals. The major finding of this study is that the water quality of the river Ganga is deteriorating and it is in serious stage of degradation in U.P. Thus it is a matter of more concern for the life of every living being.

Key words: BOD- Biochemical oxygen demand, FC- Faecal coliform

Introduction

GANGA is the longest and one the most important river of India. The river Ganga occupies a unique position in the cultural ethos of India. It is rising in the Himalayan mountains and flowing about 2,550 km generally eastward, through a vast plain, to the Bay of Bengal. Legend says that the river has descended from heaven on earth as a result of the long and arduous prayers of King Bhagirathi for the salvation of his deceased ancestors. 


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