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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (3) (May - June, 2013) (199-210)

ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF DRIP IRRIGATION IN MANGO CULTIVATION: A STUDY IN ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

B Sowjanya
Research Scholar, Department of Agricultural Economics
Acharya N.G Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad

R Vijaya Kumari
Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics
Acharya N.G Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad

P Rajeswara Reddy
Field officer, Cost of Cultivation Scheme
Acharya N.G Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad

B S Kulkarni
Professor and Univ. Head, Department of Statistics and Mathematics
Acharya N.G Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad

Abstract

Mango is the leading fruit crop of Andhra Pradesh, contributes about 18.1 per cent of total mango production in the country. Success of mango orchards depends upon availability of irrigation during critical period of tree growth and fruit development. Drip irrigation system is considered as most suitable water saving technique which involves application of water only at the roots of the plant where it is required. The present study was under taken to study the economic feasibility of financial investment on drip irrigation system in mango. For the present study, a sample of 30 drip and 60 surface irrigated mango cultivators were selected from six villages in three mandals which have maximum cultivated area of mango under drip and surface irrigations. The total cost of cultivation, inclusive of direct and indirect costs, was estimated to be Rs.34090.94 per hectare in drip irrigation and Rs.37443.37 per hectare in surface irrigation. The average gross and net income from mango cultivation under surface irrigation was worked out to be Rs.60000 and Rs.22556.55 per hectare respectively, while the same under drip irrigation was Rs.84000 and Rs.49909.77. The capital productivity measures revealed that net present worth of drip and surface irrigated farms was Rs.52532.48 and Rs.24956.26 and Benefit-Cost ratio was 1.40:1 and 1.04:1 respectively. The Internal Rate of Return was 19.76 per cent in drip irrigated farms and 13.65 per cent in surface irrigated farms. Majority of the sample farmers had felt the advantages in drip irrigation like water saving, labour cost saving for irrigation, improved quality produce, decrease in weed growth etc.

Introduction

Mango is one of the most economically important fruit crop. Mangoes are produced in 90 countries world wide in about 8.5 million acres. India being the largest producer produces about 150 lakh tons of mangoes every year. Mango covers about 35 per cent of total cultivated area and accounts to 22 per cent of total area under fruits in the country. Major mango growing states are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Maharashtra. The main varieties of mango grown in the country are Alphanso, Dashahari, Langru, Fajli, Chausa, Totapuri, Neelum etc.

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