Academic & Law Serials


Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (3) (May - June, 2013) (277-284)


L Hemochandra
B M College, Sawombung, Imphal - 795001

R K Bhanisana
Associate Professor, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology
College of Agriculture, C.A.U., Imphal, Manipur, India

N Montessori
Dept of Botany and Plant Pathology
College of Agriculture, C.A.U., Imphal, Manipur, India

L Inakhunba Singh
Selection Grade Lecturer, Department of Economics
B. M College, Sawombung, Manipur, India


A total number of 84 organic farms of ginger and turmeric were investigated to analyse the current year value of products of crops. Out of fourteen explanatory variables, only four variable viz., district wise differential, caste diversity, cost of tilling and cost of seed have highly significant impact (P<0.001) on the current year value yield of the farms.

Key Words: Current year value, Cost of seed, Cost of tilling, Cost of farming, Caste differential.


Agriculture is carried out mainly through three types of farming systems. Natural Farming System (NFS), Inorganic Farming System (IFS) and Organic Farming System (OFS) characterized by the different types of inputs and agricultural management practices used for cultivation of land and production of crops (Thakur and Sharma, 2005). The organic farming has its origin to ancient civilization Mesopotamia, Indus valley, Yangtze and Hwang Ho (Sharma, 2006). It is a modified form of Conventional Farming System and Natural Farming System. Agricultural growth and development under IFS in the form of Green Revolution during the sixties and seventies till the 1990s has been quite remarkable to move and push the country from severe food shortages and crisis of the past to sufficiency to food surpluses and food security for time being. However, the success story of agriculture and IFS has come to be regarded as one that began and ended with the Green Revolution (Thakur and Sharma, 2005). But, organic agriculture is defined worldwide as farming without the addition of artificial chemical (Dushyent and Gehlot, 2005). According to Pathak and Ram (2003), organic farming refers to organically grown crops which are not exposed to any chemicals right from the stage of seed treatments to the final post harvest handling and processing. The Organic Farming System has been designed for creating eco-friendly and pollution free environment, ecological balance and micro-environment suitable for sound health and growth of soil micro-flora, plant, animals and vast human race who consume the farm products. OFS has become important and necessary in the context of agricultural problems of high costs, environmental pollution, the need for improving public health, food quality and food safety (Thakur and Sharma, 2005). Eating organic foods help to reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes and cancer (Gursharan, 2007). India is exploring prospects of organic farming in the country in response to international inclinations as internal market presents limited scope (Das and Biswas, 2002). State of Sikim has been declared as Chemical free zone (Sharma, 2006).

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