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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (5) (Sep - Oct, 2013) (475-480)

GENDER ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN RURAL HARYANA

Preeti Singh
PhD Scholar, Deptt. of Extension Education and Communication Management College of Home Science
CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar

Indu Grover
Professor, Deptt. of Extension Education and Communication Management College of Home Science
CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar

Abstract

The study was conducted on a sample of 200 respondents comprising of 100 males and 100 females. The data were collected on structured interview schedule on eight ICTs viz. television, radio, newspaper, magazine, telephone, mobile, computer and internet. Regarding gender analysis of overall access, maximum male and female respondents belonged to medium and low group respectively. There was significant association of gender in access to ICTs when tested through c2 at 5 per cent level of significance implying that gender and access to ICTs was significant associated. Regarding gender analysis of overall control of ICTs there was evident difference of control of ICTs between male and female respondents. Males have high control over the ICTs. However statistically it cannot be measured as there was no female respondent in medium and high category. As far as gender analysis of overall use of ICTs is concerned, maximum male respondents belonged to low group while majority of female respondents belonged to low group. There was significant association of gender in use of ICTs when tested through c2 at 5 per cent level of significance implying that gender and use were significantly correlated.

Key words: gender, analysis, information and communication technologies (ICTs).

Introduction

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that includes many communication device or application, encompassing : radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite  system and so on as well as the various services and applications associated with them such as video conferencing and distance learning. In the present era, ICT is considered as a prime driving force for development of a society and it is believed to have transformed human life to a large extent thought differently in rural and urban areas. In urban areas computers, internet, mobiles, e-banking, e-governance  and  e-ticketing are getting popular while in rural areas majority of people are still using traditional ICTs compared to modern ICTs, which are making slow yet steady, penetration in these areas. The role of ICT for development is significant in facilitating faster dissemination of information to the people.

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