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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (5) (Sep - Oct, 2013) (423-438)

IMPACT OF THE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT-FARMER FIELD SCHOOL (IPM-FFS) PROGRAMME ON THE VEGETABLE GROWERS KNOWLEDGE

Rakesh Sharma
Subject Matter Specialist, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rajouri

Rajinder Peshin
Assiciate Professor, Division of Agricultural Extension Education
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (J&K)

S E H Rizvi
Professor and Head, Division of Agricultural Economics and Statistics
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (J&K)

Abstract

An attempt was made to evaluate the impact of the Integrated Pest Management-Farmer Field School (IPM-FFS) Programme on the vegetable farmers’ knowledge. The quasi-experimental non-equivalent difference in differences control group design was employed to study the knowledge gain. The data were collected from 44 IPM and 60 non-IPM farmers before and after the FFS with the help of pre-tested knowledge test. The results of the study revealed that there was significant increase in the knowledge level of the vegetable farmers after the training. IPM farmers knowledge was enhanced with respect to identification of natural enemies, activities of natural enemies, harmful effects of pesticides, effect of pesticide application on natural enemies, benefits of seed treatment, need based spray and site specific sprays. The farmers gained knowledge with respect to those practices that require cognition.

Key words: IPM, FFS, vegetable growers’, training programme, pesticides

Introduction

India is the second largest vegetables producing country next to China (Rai, 2007). Vegetable farmers by and large depend on chemical pesticides to counter the problem of insect pests. The overdependence on chemical pesticides results in many disturbances in the natural ecosystem. An intervention is, therefore, deemed necessary to assist farmers in pest management of vegetables. High use of pesticides not only affects the environment but also the well-being of vegetable consumers. To overcome these negative externalities of pesticide use in agriculture, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the accepted strategy of the pest management all over the world.

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