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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (5) (Sep - Oct, 2013) (447-454)

USE AND DISSEMINATION OF INDIGENOUS TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE (ITK)

P K Pal
Sr. Lecturer, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya
PO. Pundibari, Cooch Behar, WB

T K Mandal
Reader, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, WB

Abstract

The knowledge and skill that are used traditionally by the local people are termed as Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK). The present study was undertaken in two purposively selected areas in the district of Birbhum, West Bengal, India to study the extent of use of ITKs, the effect of socio-personal characters on extent of use of ITKs and the channel of communication of ITKs in the society. The study revealed that the socio-personal characters have significant effect on extent of use of ITKs and the tribal and remote areas are more prone to use ITKs. It is also found in the study that fore-fathers have a dominating role in dissemination of ITKs in the society.

Key words: Indigenous technical knowledge, ITK, Extent of use of ITK, Communication of ITK.

Introduction

Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) is the local knowledge – knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. It is in contrast with the formal knowledge system generated by formal educational and research institutions and private firms. It is the basis for local–level decision making in agriculture, health care, food preparation, education natural resource management and a host of other activities in rural communities (Warren, 1989). For the countries like India, the alternative for the modern technologies are indigenous methods which are low cost and eco- friendly in nature. Traditionally, our farmers are capable to use these technologies and so it requires little restructure of the traditional societies for adoption of such techniques. The capital and technological skill requirements in the use of indigenous methods are also low. By adopting such indigenous knowledge our ancestors did not face any problem of large scale pest out break or economic crisis unlike the today’s farmer (Kella, et al., 2007). Indigenous systems bear techniques that are ecologically friendly and enhance sustainable use of the land as an agricultural resource. Imperatives of ITK exist in the societies which are complex, diverse and risk-prone. In the last two decades, documentation of a vast pool of indigenous technology from various fields proved that these technologies are really in vogue at field level. The use of these techniques are inevitable where there is no or limited scope of using modern technologies (Pal and Das Gupta, 2011).  However little information is available on the extent to which farmers use indigenous technical knowledge (ITK) or modern science in food production (Gakobo, 2006).

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