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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.54 (5) (Sep - Oct, 2013) (489-506)

PROFITABILITY OF MAJOR FOOD GRAIN CROPS IN BIRBHUM DISTRICT OF WEST BENGAL

Debabrata Mondal and Chandan Maji
Department of Agricultural Extension
Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Statistics
Palli Siksha Bhavana, Visva Bharati, Sriniketan, West Bengal, India

Abstract

The present study was conducted in Bolpur-sriniketan and Sainthia block of Birbhum district of West Bengal by selecting 60 sample farmers to find out the cost of production and returns of all major foodgrain crops of different categories of farmers. Cost of cultivation and returns of all major foodgrain crops as well as for different categories of farmers were estimated using CACP cost concepts. Per hectare net returns over cost D were Rs. 694 and Rs.2711 for chickpea and lentil which revealed that pulse cultivation was not as profitable as kharif rice, rabi rice and wheat which respectively gave profit of Rs. 8534, Rs.10199 and Rs.3299. Large farmers received highest net returns from all major foodgrain crops except rabi rice for which medium farmers achieved highest net returns. Rabi rice cultivation was found most profitable within the major foodgrain crops. Major policy implications emerged from the study were (1) Farmers are required to educate to adopt the full package of practices and the use level of fertilizers, irrigation, and mechanization needs to be enhanced, (2) More interaction between farmers and ADO/KPS is required to enhance the productivity of kharif rice and pulse crops, (3) Efficient input delivery system is urgent need for the area, (4) High labour cost can be reduced by more mechanized farming and (5) Government should install some irrigation sources like deep tube well to distribute irrigation water at reasonable price.

Key words: profitability, cultivation, CACP, cost of cultivation, net return.

Introduction

Agriculture is the main stay of the Indian economy as its performance is dependent upon the growth of Agriculture sector. Agriculture contributes nearly 19% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 9.5% of total exports. It provides employment to 57% of the country’s work force and livelihood security to more than 650 million people.

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