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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (4) (July - Aug, 2012) (335 - 344)

INSTITUTIONAL SUSTAINABILITY IN WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

S S Dolli
Associate Professor
Department of Agricultural Extension Education
University of Agriculture Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka

H B Babalad and S G Patil
University of Agriculture Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka

Abstract

Local institutions have become an integral part of the watershed development project (WDP) to ensure sustainable management of natural resources. The study was undertaken in two WDP’s in Bijapur district of Karnataka to assess the sustainability of local institutions management. Data was collected from the local institutions of six villages involved in project management using the scale developed for the study. It was observed that self help groups (SHG’s) and village level committees (VLC’s) were formed and encouraged to take part in project management. The number and compositions of the local institutions varied in both projects. The VLC’s had representation from SHG’s and local leaders and self help groups had more members from landless  and small families. SHG’s had conducted meetings regularly. The functional linkage of VLC’s with the agriculture, horticulture department was low, where as they contacted banks frequently. VLC’s  need to improve their performance to ensure sustainability of local institutions as well as sustainable management of natural resources.

Key words: Local institution, Village level committee, Self help groups, Sustainable management

INTRODUCTION

Integrated management of natural resources, namely land, water, vegetation, livestock and environment on watershed bases has emerged as a logical and the most effective holistic approach for sustainable production and overall development. A nation wide watershed management programme was undertaken by various central and state government departments as well as by foreign donors.

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