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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (6) (Nov - Dec, 2012) (463 - 468)

TRAINING NEEDS OF DAIRY FARMERS IN SCIENTIFIC DAIRY FARMING

B S Meena
Assistant Professor (Agril. Extension)
Agricultural Research Station, Rajasthan Agricultural University Sriganganagar - 335001 (Rajasthan).

M S Meena
Senior Scientist (Agril. Extension), Division of Socio-Economic
Extension and Training, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region
Patna - 800014 (Bihar)

R M Fulzele
Ex-Principal Scientist, Division of Dairy Extension
National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001 (Haryana).

Abstract

The present study was conducted in Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state to assess the training needs of dairy farmers. A sample of 120 livestock farmers was selected randomly from 6 villages to generate the data on training needs in scientific dairy farming. Based on training needs, farmers were categorized as not needed, needed and most needed. The study reveals that majority (68.34 %) of dairy farmers ‘needed’ the trainings in scientific dairy farming to enhance the livestock production. Further this study identified health care and breeding as important areas to be considered for future trainings. An overall Training Need Index (TNI) of the respondents was found to be 62.32. Breeding area comes out as most important area with TNI as 73.10. Study also indicates that training needs of dairy farmers has negative and significant correlation with independent variables i.e. education, land holding, herd size, extension and mass media exposure. The findings of this study gave a sound platform for developing effective training modules for dairy farmers to enhance the animal productivity in the study of locale.

Key words : Training Needs; Dairy farmers; Scientific Dairy Farming.

INTRODUCTION

Dairy farming is an essential and important component of Indian agriculture and has been playing a significant role in rural economy by providing gainful employment to small / marginal farmers and laboures, thereby raising their livelihood. Livestock is ancient, vital and renewable natural resources which contributes most of the part in gross domestic product in developing countries. Dairying not only provide poor people with food, income, traction and manures but also act as catalysts that transform subsistence farming into income-generating enterprises, allowing poor households to join market economy. Instead of largest producers of milk and milk products, most of the bovine population in India is non-descript. Development of livestock is envisaged in our national plans as an integral part of a sound system of diversified farming.

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