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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (6) (Nov - Dec, 2012) (483 - 496)

EVALUATION OF MID DAY MEAL SCHEME UNDER CENTRAL PUNJAB CONDITIONS

Navjot Kaur
Assistant Professor, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Fatehgarh Sahib

M S Gill
Directorate of Extension Education, PAU, Ludhiana

Harinder Singh
Deputy Director, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Fatehgarh Sahib

Kiran Grover
Extension Specialist, Department of Food and Nutrition
PAU, Ludhiana

Abstract

External evaluation of mid-day meal programme was carried out in fifty schools of district Fatehgarh Sahib of Punjab by random sampling technique in year 2009.  Sixty per cent of schools belonged to rural areas.  Number of boys were more as compared to girls. Number of enrolled children varied from 50-150 in 70 per cent of schools.  Gap in sanctioned and filled positions was found to be more in rural schools. In two schools there was no arrangement of drinking water.  Most of schools reported that they do not receive raw material (76%) for MDM on time and procurement of LPG was also a problem.  So firewood was used as fuel in most of schools. Grains were stored in bins in 96 per cent of schools. Lack of proper space also resulted in storage of grains in class room or office in 20 schools.  Per capital availability of grains was less.  Cooks involved in cooking mostly belonged to scheduled caste and backwards class. None of students had their breakfast regularly however MDM was liked by Children. Most frequently cooked food under MDM was dal and roti followed by rice and white channe. Roti with dal was most liked meal (36%) followed by dal rice.  In majority of schools children were informed in advance when MDM was not served on particular day.  Only in 54% of schools health camps were organised regularly.  In twenty three schools supplements were given and deworming tablets were given in 24% of schools. MDM however resulted in improvement of achievement level of students i.e. school, attendance and health status of children.

Key words :  Mid day meal, evaluation, students, rural area.

INTRODUCTION

India is a large country with people belonging to various religions, caste and creed.  No doubt India has progressed immensely in all the fields still 20% of its population is living below poverty line.  Poor purchasing power and ignorance are two main factors resulting in under nutrition in young children leading to wasting and stunting. Problem of malnutrition is of extra ordinary significance because child malnutrition is not only responsible for 22 per cent of India’s disease burden and 50 per cent of 23 million child death in India but is also a serious economic hazard (Verma and Grover 2009).  Under nutrition in the pre-school age children is a major public health problem in developing countries.

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