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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (6) (Nov - Dec, 2012) (525 - 535)

PROFILE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL FARMERS OF ANDHRA PRADESH

B Savitha
Scientist, DAATTC
Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University, Karimnagar

R Ratnakar
Professor, EEI, Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University 
Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

INTRODUCTION

India being the second most populous country in the world, agriculture and food security are the main concerns of the country. Agricultural production, especially food grain has increased to 210 MT over the last few decades in India. This achievement is a contribution of Green revolution and it led to the food self sufficiency in India. But the spill over effects of Green revolution resulted in challenges to sustainability of soil and environment. Sustainable production at higher levels becomes possible only when the factors leading to the continued maintenance of soil health are adequately taken care of. The modern farming systems aim at maximizing production through the use of increased quantities of external inputs such as fertilizers and plant protection chemicals without due consideration to their ill effects. Consequently, the traditional agronomic practices such as green manuring, use of farm wastes either as such or after composting and other soil ameliorative measures have vanished from the existing farming systems. This has resulted in a slow but steady decline in the productive and recuperative capacity of the soil.

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