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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (207-213)

A CONCRETE AND SUSTAINABLE STRATEGY FOR REALIGNING OF KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRAS IN THE LIGHT OF CONSTRAINTS PERCEIVED BY THE PADDY FARMERS

A Manoj
Ph.D. Scholar, Division of Agricultural Extension, IARI, New Delhi

G Sivanarayana
Professor, Department of Extension Education, Agricultural College, Bapatla

Ch Ramesh Babu
Professor, Extension Education, Agricultural College, Bapatla

V Srinivasa Rao
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Statistics
Agricultural College, Bapatla

Abstract

The present study was undertaken in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh to analyze the major constraints given by the farmers of KVK then to develop the strategy to marshal the constraints by using available opportunities. A sample of 80 respondents from two rice growing mandals was selected equally by random sampling for this study. In the light of farmer’s perception, this paper argues that the KVKs may further be strengthened to revamp the entire farming community to become more innovative, economically viable and technologically sound for keeping their stand in the grim of existing challenges in present agriculture.

Key words: Krishi Vigyan Kendras, farmers, constraints, strategy

The need for improved transfer of technology as long been felt with inception of community development programme in 1952 and emphasized more and more in subsequent programmes till 1970. In all these efforts there was a technological gap between the research institutions and practicing farmers. Moreover, it is being experienced in many cases that a part of the innovations generated has reached the actual users. All these results threw a serious challenge as for as the transfer of technology concerned. To sustain this gap, ICAR had taken significant steps for formulating the institutional design of Krishi Vigyan Kendras to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experience by employing the principles of “Teaching by doing and Learning by doing” aiming to bridge the gap between the technology developed at the research institutions and its adoption at the field level by the farmers.

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