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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (229-234)

GLOBAL WARMING and APPLE FARMING IN NAGGAR BELT OF DISTRICT KULLU, HIMACHAL PRADESH

Chirag Nagpal and Shruti Jain
Research Scholars, Department of Anthropology
Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Abstract

The study examines the impact of global warming and climate change in recent years on apple yield in Naggar valley of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh based on climate information and growers’ perceptions. The climate change has demonstrated its impact of decreasing productivity of apple crop in recent years. It is evident that temperature in apple growing regions of Kullu resulting in the upward shift of apple belts. Many initiatives have been undertaken by the Government, Apple Growers’ Associations and individual farmers to protect their traditional crop.

Introduction

The increasing threat of global warming has set the alarm bells ringing for the apple crop in Naggar belt, the mainstay of the state’s economy; where constraints imposed by difficult terrain, lack of irrigation facility and small land holdings make agriculture an uneconomic proposition. This hill state had faced the worst ever drought conditions last year. The state has recorded very low rain falls during consecutive monsoons and worst ever drought in the year 2010. Just half a decade ago this part of Himachal produced the best apples in the land, orchards here supplies to the rest of the country and several thousand tonnes were exported every year. But today, most of the apple orchard owners are in despair with these rapidly changing climatic conditions.

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