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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (265-270)

EXTENT OF ADOPTION OF FARM MECHANIZATION PRACTICES BY THE PADDY GROWERS IN TUNGABHADRA PROJECT AREA, KARNATAKA

Nagaraj
Ph.D.Scholar, Department of Agricultural Extension
UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-560065

P S Dhananjaya Swamy
Ph.D.Scholar, Department of Agricultural Economics
UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-560065

A Madhushree
Postgraduate, Department of Agricultural Extension
UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-560065

S N Hanchinal
Director of Extension, UAS, Raichur-584102

Abstract

The study was conducted to know adoption level of paddy growers in Raichur district about farm mechanization practices. The study was conducted in Sindhanur and Manvi taluks of Raichur district which comprised 120 respondents from six villages. The result showed that less than half of the respondents (42.50%) belonged to medium level of adoption category. It is interest to note that majority of the paddy growers implemented the basic and most required implements viz., mouldboard plough (96.67%), puddler (94.17%), harrow (93.33%), cultivator (89.17%), cage wheel (70.00%), cent per cent combine harvester, sprayer (67.50%) and thresher (60.83%). The growers not only implemented these implements in the field but also got sufficient specific knowledge about each of the implements i.e., mode of operation, frequency of use and its maintenance. However, only (15.00%) of the paddy growers possessed the skill in the use of paddy transplanter due to its recent introduction. Though the paddy growers faced some difficulty in adoption of these implements, but they have adopted. It is due to the fact that non availability of agriculture laboures in rural areas and hence majority of the farmers adopted mechanization in paddy cultivation.

Key words: Adoption, Mechanization, Paddy

Introduction

Farm mechanization implies the use of various power sources, improved farm tools and equipment, with a view to reduce the drudgery of the human beings and draught animals, thereby increasing crop production and productivity. About 65 per cent of the Indian population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. In recent years, non-availability of farm laboures and fragmentation of land holdings (smaller land holdings) are forcing many farmers to mechanize their farms and over the last few years, there has been considerable progress in agriculture mechanization. Past studies on efficiency of farm mechanization revealed that if the mechanization used properly a farmer can save seeds 15-20 per cent, fertilizer 20-30% per cent, time 20-30 per cent, laboures 5-20 per cent, and increase in cropping intensity 10-15 per cent, higher productivity 15-20 per cent ( Surendra singh, 2008). Verma (2008) reported that the increase in cropping intensity has been reported to be 165, 156 and 149 per cent for tractor-owning, tractor hiring and bullock operated farms, respectively. During 1960-61, the animate power contributed 92 per cent of the total farm power and mechanical and electrical together contributed 8 per cent. However, in 2004-05 the contribution from animate power reduced to 16 per cent and from mechanical and electrical power, it increased to 84 per cent. During the past few decades a large number of farm tools, implements and machines have been developed for different farm operations. In Karnataka, about 68 per cent of the rural population depends upon agriculture-based industries. Farm mechanization has played a significant role in developments of agriculture in Karnataka. So, the specific objective of this study was to analyze the extent of adoption of farm mechanization practices by the paddy growers.

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