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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (277-286)

LIVELIHOOD GENERATION THROUGH GARDENING AND NURSERY RAISING FOR RURAL YOUTH EMPOWERMENT

G Sridhar
Programme Assistant, BCT Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Visakhapatnam (India)

S R R M Kumar
Subject Matter Specialist (Horticulture), BCT KVK, Visakhapatnam (India)

D V Patil
Subject Matter Specialist (Agriculture Engineering)
BCT KVK, Visakhapatnam (India)

S S N Malleswara Rao
Programme Coordinator, BCT-KVK, Visakhapatnam (India)

Abstract

Various training programmes were conducted for rural youths at BCT Krishi Vigyan Kendra to provide the knowledge on gardening, bouquets making, raising and packing the seedlings for safe transportation. The main target in conducting the trainings was to convert the unemployed rural youth to employed one. KVK has identified nearby villages in Visakhapatnam district of Andhrapradesh for accomplishing this task. The knowledge level of the different trainees was checked before and after the trainings. The evaluation profarma of 10 questions were prepared and given to check the difference in knowledge. It was found that almost 58.55% increase in the knowledge and work efficiency of the rural youth which was sufficient for starting own business. After completion of model training course, trainees were sponsored from the different agro based industries in order to start the business. A post evaluation after starting the business was taken which leads in real success of the training. The average income of the trainee was increased by 2.55 times due to real practical experience given at KVK, which resulted in building the trust in rural youth for this sector.

Key words: Gardening training, Rural youth, Income, BCT KVK,

Introduction

India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. still there is an urgent need for technology upgradation to meet the international quality standards as well as domestic needs. Horticulture today is not merely a means of diversification but constitutes and integral part of food and nutritional security, as well as employment generation. Quality Seeds and planting material, including hybrids, contribute nearly 30% for enhanced productivity and ensures the food security. From 1961 to 2008, the cultivated area and production of vegetables in the world have drastically increased by 128 and 313%, respectively and the seed production of vegetable crops has increased from 46.34 to 128.71 thousand tonnes; out of which America, Asia and Europe contribute 50%, 32% and 16.96% respectively.

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