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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (299-308)

PREVALENCE OF MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES (20-40 YEARS WOMEN) AND DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIMEDIA COMPACT DISC FOR NUTRITION EDUCATION

M Baskar
Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition
Home Science College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai – 625104

S Amutha
Professor and Head, Dept. of Human Development
Home Science College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai – 625104

P Banumathi
Dean, Home Science College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai – 625104

Abstract

Micronutrient deficiencies are due to malnutrition and associated with ill health throughout the world. This is particularly true in the developing countries like India. Deficiencies of Vitamin A, iron, iodine and riboflavin are known to be especially prevalent and are associated with range of mild to severe effects. In this study subjects were selected from Madurai South, Vadipatti and Melur taluks. Rural farm women in the age between 20-40 years were selected as subjects for the study and the total number of respondents were fixed as ninety. A pre-tested questionnaire were used to assess the socio-economic, anthropometric status and knowledge of the respondents among the importance of micronutrients, micronutrient deficiency disorders, clinical symptoms, nutritional status, prevention of micronutrient deficiency and micronutrient rich foods. Multimedia compact disc was prepared to educate the rural women respondents. Nutrition education programme was using multimedia compact disc for women respondents. It could be inferred that nutrition education have increased the knowledge level of the respondents. Audio Visual Aids used for educating the rural women respondents was evaluated and it was found that multimedia compact disc was the most attractive aids to be used for the respondents. Nutrition and Health education had positive impact on food habits, health care and importance of micronutrients and deficiencies among rural women respondents.

Key words: Micronutrient, malnutrition, multimedia compact disc, nutrition education

Introduction

Malnutrition means more than feeling hungry or not having enough food to eat. Inadequate intake of protein, calories, iron and other essential nutrients leads to malnutrition. Poor nutrition occurs in developing countries, as well as in more prosperous areas of the world. About 800 million persons worldwide are affected by malnutrition. More than half the childhood deaths in developing countries are related to malnutrition The body requires micronutrients from diet because the body does not make all the products it needs for optimum function. Micronutrients include Vitamins A, B, and C, folate, zinc, calcium, iodine, and iron. The three major micronutrient deficiencies in the developing world are iron, iodine, and Vitamin A. Iron deficiency leads to development of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). Iodine deficiency leads to development of goiter (iodine deficiency disorder). Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a serious worldwide medical problem because it is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children.

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