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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (319-326)

MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY ASSESSMENT: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MALE AND FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS

Ella Rani* and S Kaushik**
*Ph.D. Scholar and **Professor
Department of Extension Education and Communication Management,
I C College of Home Science
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, INDIA

Abstract

Data were collected from 400 household of two villages in Hisar district, Haryana State, India using Multi–dimensional Poverty Assessment Tool given by IFAD (2009). Results revealed that male headed households scored a little better on eight aspects but female headed households were better in respect of Non-Farm assets (39.1 and 40.7) and Gender and Social Equality (77.0 and 81.1). However, there does not appear to be a significant difference between the poverty indicators of households headed by men and women.

Key words: Multidimensional, Poverty, Assessment, Male and Female Headed, Households and comparative analysis

Introduction

Poverty as a public policy concern, whether at the global, national or community level, is now widely considered to be a multidimensional problem. Poverty in India is widespread, with the nation estimated to have a third of the world’s poor. According to 2010 data from the United Nations Development Programme, an estimated 29.8% of Indians live below the country’s national poverty line. Despite the huge differences surrounding the idea of development, what exactly it means and how it is to be achieved, there is general agreement that its main goals should include eliminating poverty and reduction of social inequality (Thomas 2002). Social inequality entails different access to resources, facilities, services, choices and opportunities by different social groups (Gilbert et al. 2002). Women bear a disproportionate burden of the world’s poverty. Statistics indicate that women are more likely than men to be poor and at risk of hunger because of the systematic discrimination they face in education, health care, employment and control of assets. Kabeer (2003) maintain that the most pervasive, among all the disguised intra-households inequality are those related to gender.

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