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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (2) (Mar - Apr, 2015) (349-354)

HOUSING AND FEEDING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF BUFFALOES IN THE TRIBAL AREA OF UDAIPUR DISTRICT OF RAJASTHAN

Shyam Bihari
Farm Manager of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Sardarshahr, Churu - 331403, Rajasthan

Pravesh Singh Chauhan
Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Ext. Edu.
Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur - 313001, Rajasthan

Abstract

A field survey was conducted to collect the relevant information on buffalo’s management practices followed by 2752 responded in 21 villages of Udaipur district of Rajasthan. Closed type of animal house was provided by 47.97% of the framers. Kaccha type of roof and floor were observed in 97.25 and 97.04 % of the houses respectively. Provision of urine drainage facility was found only in 1.28% and well ventilation was found about 87.77 % of animal shed. Majority of farmers provided green fodder to their buffaloes. None of the farmers practiced silage making. Concentrates was fed to the buffaloes at time of milking only. Feeding of mineral mixture was provided by only 14.74 % of the farmers to their buffaloes.

Key words: Dairy owners, Feeding, Housing, Management

Introduction

India has one of the largest livestock population in the world, accounting 56 percent of the world buffalo population and 16 percent cattle population (18th Livestock Census). Buffaloes play a critical role in the intensification of agriculture in farming system. The animals ensure the farmers socio-economic security. Therefore, proper housing along with feeding management practices play a very significant role in exploiting real potentials of dairy animals. Proper housing reduces the energy wastage in maintaining thermo neutral zone as well as reduces the incidence of diseases. It is generally agreed that an animal fail to prove its potential for higher production when fed at low levels. A livestock management practice followed by the farmers is crucial to identify the strengths and weakness of the animal rearing system and to advise appropriate intervention policies. The present study was undertaken together information regarding to existing housing and feeding practices adopted by the farmers of different villages of Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

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