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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (4) (July - Aug, 2015) (561-566)

PROBLEMS OF RURAL WOMEN: A STUDY IN THE SECTOR OF HEALTH, EMPOWERMENT AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

J Talukdar and K K Saharia
Department of Extension Education, College of Veterinary Science
Assam Agricultural University, Khanpara, Guwahati - 781022, Assam

Abstract

The overall well being of rural women in India in general and the state of Assam in particular is under cloudy weather for long. Therefore the present study was taken up. The study was conducted among the rural farm women in the villages of Kamrup District of Assam where ASHA workers were active. A purposive random sampling technique was used from the exhaustive list of the villages obtained from the offices of the BDO and Panchayats to select the villages. Data were collected through a specially constructed reliable and valid interview schedule by personally approaching the respondents. Then the data collected were compiled, tabulated and processed and subjected to frequency, mean standard deviation and range, correlation and multiple regression. It was found that maximum problems were emphasized by the rural women in animal husbandry sector followed by health sector and empowerment.

Key words: Rural women, Problems, Health, Empowerment, Animal Husbandry, ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activists)

Introduction

Health care continues to pose a major challenge for all over the world so much so indeed that everyone takes some time out to maintain their good health. However health is an asset to women and to her community and has come to be regarded as a prerequisite to socio-economic development. Its impact over different spheres of life is also gradually realized (Dodziek, 1997). As is known women are responsible for bearing children, yet they are malnourished endangering the health and development of the very next generation. They are major workforce in the field and factory yet they are in poor health. Women take full responsibility of the domestic works yet they are overworked at the workplace. Most Indian women are uneducated.  Although the country’s constitution says women have equal status to men, women are powerless and are mistreated inside and outside the home...

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