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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (4) (July - Aug, 2015) (645-650)

GENDER ROLES AND MAJOR THREATS FACED BY THE FARMERS IN AGROBIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION OF THRISSUR DISTRICT OF KERALA

N Krishna Priya
Ph.D., Deptt. of Agricultural Extension
Agricultural College, Bapatala - 522 101, Guntur (Distt.)

Jayashree Krishnakutty
Associate Professor, Deptt. of Agricultural Extension, College of Horticulture
Kerala Agricultural Univeristy, Vellanikkara - 680656, Thrissur Distt.

Abstract

Homestead farming is a traditional practice of multiple and mixed cropping in small holdings in Kerala. Agro biodiversity is the major component of homegarden. Home gardens are microenvironments containing high levels of species and genetic diversity within larger farming systems. Now a days these homegardens are in declining stage due to various reasons so in order to find out the gender roles and the major threats in agrobiodiversity conservation in Thrissur district of Kerala. findings revealed majority of the activities aimed at agro biodiversity conservation were carried out by women  Regarding the threats, the major threat for agro biodiversity was unsustainable human activity (100%) followed by large scale introduction of cash crops (96.67%).. Homesteads of Kerala provide hope for the future of agriculture in the state, as still familities involve in part time maintenance of the homesteads, which is the only way possible within the changed way of life of today.

Key words: Homegardens, Agrobiodiversity Threats, Gender roles

Introduction

Homestead farming is the traditional practice of multiple and mixed cropping in small holdings in Kerala. They form ideal setting for agro biodiversity conservation, hosting plants for various purposes ranging from consumption, green manure, shade, ornamental and ritualistic customary reasons. Homestead farming was subsistence type farming in the early times, but now changed ways of life, urbanization and modernization make them simply sources of food supplement for the family and recreational in nature. Agro biodiversity conservation is an accepted feature of the homegardens world over. There are clear cut gender equations in planning, maintaining and modifying the components of a home garden, sometimes synonymously used for a homestead. It will be benefical to study about this, to thrown light on the sustainability of the homegarden system. The current study is taken up with these in view highlighting the gender roles in agro biodiversity conservation and the major threats faced by the homestead farmers in agro biodiversity conservation.

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