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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (4) (July - Aug, 2015) (659-668)

AN ANALYSIS OF CAUSATIVE FACTORS LEADING CHILDREN TO STREET IN LUDHIANA CITY

Khwairakpam Sharmila* and Sukhminder Kaur**
*PhD Scholar and **Extension Specialist
Department of Human Development, Punjab Agricultural University
Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Abstract

The present study was under taken to determine the socio-personal profile and identify the causative factors which push and pull the children out of their home into the street world. The study was carried on 160 street children (9-12 years) equally distributed over gender. Data were collected by administering a self-structured Interview Schedule to study the socio-personal profile and causal factors leading children to street. The sample was selected from various crowded places viz, railway station, bus depots, traffic lights, markets places, temples, etc using a snowball sampling technique. One of the criteria for sample selection was that the street children should be home based. The reasons for being a street child are varied and sometimes a mix of the ‘push and pull’ factors. Some of the prominent factors include: prospect of income, siblings being on street, parents being on street, freedom from parents, alcoholic nature of father, lack of support from parents, abusive behavior of parents, broken family, parental unemployment, no residence and peers being on street.

Key words: Causal factors, Street children, Vulnerable group

Introduction

Street children are used as a catch-all term, but covers children in a wide variety of circumstances and with ranging characteristics. Policymakers and service providers struggle to describe and assist such a sub-population. Individual girls and boys of all ages are found living and working in public spaces, and are visible in the great majority of the world’s urban centers. In the early years of research on street children, the term “street child” included any child that worked on the street. From research, however, different categories of children on the streets have been distinguished, while still recognizing that children’s complex experiences are difficult to define Sarah (2000). The complex situation of street children makes it difficult to get an accurate number of street child populations...

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