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Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.56 (4) (July - Aug, 2015) (687-692)

AWARENESS ABOUT LARGE CARDAMOM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AMONG TRIBAL FARMERS IN NORTH SIKKIM

B A Gudade1, T N Deka2, N K Bhattarai3, P Chhetri4, A K Vijayan5
and U Gupta6
1Scientist-B (Agronomy), 2Scientist-B (Entomology), 3RA (NAIP)
4SRF (AICRPS), 5Scientist-C (Plant Pathology), 6Deputy Director (Research)
Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Station
Spices Board, Tadong, Gangtok-737102, Sikkim, India

Abstract

Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) is the main cash crop grown in Sikkim. It is the lifeline of the people since it constitutes major share of the economy of the state.   A large chunk of agrarian community depends on its cultivation. The present study was conducted during 2010-12 at Dzongu areas of North Sikkim due to maximum tribal farmer’s population lives and large cardamom is a principle crop. A list of the large cardamom growing villages was prepared and 5 villages were selected randomly. After the selection of villages, a village wise list of the large cardamom tribal farmers of the selected 5 village was prepared and 25 farmers from each village were selected randomly. Thus, the total sampling consisted of 125 tribal farmers spread over five selected villages.  For the purpose of present study, eleven recommended production technologies in the package of practices about large cardamom production technologies Viz., improved varieties, planting material, sucker treatment, field preparation, planting time, method of planting, recommended dose of manuring, irrigation management, method of weed control, plant protection (bioagents) and improve curing system were selected. Majority of the respondents were found in medium aware and high adoption category in practices like method of field preparation and planting method.

Key words: Adoption, Awareness, Dzongu, Large cardamom technology, Tribal farmers.

Introduction

Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.), a member of the family, Zingiberaceae under the order Scitaminae is the main cash crop cultivated in the sub-Himalayan state of Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. It is also cultivated in some other North Eastern Hill states like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and parts of Uttarakhand. Nepal and Bhutan are the other two Himalayan countries where the crop is cultivated. Sikkim is the largest producer and constitutes for lion share of Indian and world market. The large cardamom plant is a perennial herb with subterranean rhizomes with leafy shoots (Gudade et al. 2013, Singh, 1984, Gupta, 1983, Subba, 1984)...

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