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A STUDY OF CALORIE INTAKE OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING S.S. HOSPITAL, B.H.U, VARANASI

Swati Singh* and Sangita Deodiya**
*Research Scholar and **Associate Professor
Deptt. of Home Science, V.K.M, B.H.U, Varanasi

International Journal of Family and Home Science, Vol.11 (3) (Sep - Dec, 2015) (295 - 298)

Abstract

The present study was carried to find out the amounts of calorie intake by the pregnant women attending S.S hospital, B.H.U, Varanasi. 246 pregnant mothers of Ist and IInd trimesters each were purposely selected. The information was gathered with the help of an “Interview Schedule”. The calorie intake was assessed on the basis of 24 hours food recall method. Nutritional knowledge was provided for post study and 3 days dietary record method was applied for post study.

All women were found to be of sedentary activity level. The mean calorie intake of Ist and IInd trimester women was found as (1501.74 ± 179.48 kcal) and (1814.71 ± 206.39 kcal) respectively. These mean consumptions were estimated as 66.7% and 80.65% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). The statistical test showed that there is no significant difference between women of both the trimesters for their calorie intake (F=122.474, df =1, P<0.01). After providing knowledge about nutrition, the calorie intake was slightly increased in both the trimesters. The mean calorie intake of Ist and IInd trimester women after nutrition education was found as (1580.84 ± 168.87 kcal) and (1895.58 ± 213.28 kcal) respectively.

Key words: Pregnant woman, Recommended Dietary Allowances, trimester.

Introduction

Pregnancy is a demanding physiological state. In India, it is observed that diets of women from the low socioeconomic groups are essentially similar during pre-pregnant, pregnant and lactating periods. A woman’s normal nutritional requirement increases during pregnancy in order to meet the needs of the growing fetus and of maternal tissues associated with pregnancy. There is an increased demand for energy and for almost all energy nutrient type. Pregnancy is characterised by additional energy requirements of approximately 350 kcals per day...

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