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INDIAN JOURNAL OF GEOMORPHOLOGY Volume 22 (1), Jan-June, 2017, pp.41-60

Morphometric Analysis of the Satna River basin, Central India

K. Prakash*, K. Chaubey**, S.Singh***, T. Mohanty**** and C.K. Singh*****


*Assistant Professor
Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India


**Research Scholar
Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India


***Research Scholar
Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India


****Research Scholar
Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India


Guest Faculty
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Allahabad, India


Abstract


The morphometric analysis of Satna river basin was carried out by means of remote sensing data (LANDSAT and SRTM) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques used for potential expansion and planning of the river watershed. The Satna river is an important ESE- WNW flowing tributaries of the Tons river in central India. The basin is divided into four six order subwatershed viz. Barohar, Nandaha, Amran and Chhoti Jhar subwatershed.


The study illustrate that the drainages of the Satna watershed (SW) show polymodal distribution (NE-SW, NW-SE, N-S and E-W) in which the E- W trend is highly conspicuous. The variation in bifurcation ratio suggests that the structural control on the drainage pattern of the Satna watershed. The numerical value of circulatory ratio for Satna river basin, signifies higher infiltration rate and mature to old stage of the river development. The Satna watershed has a low value of coarse ratio infer that the area is less prone to soil erosion and has essential structural intricacy in connection with relief and drainage density.


Key words: Satna river; Morphometry; Remote Sensing and GIS technique; Central India

 

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