Academic & Law Serials


Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (4) (July - Aug, 2012) (277 - 288)


Jasbir Singh Manhas
Junior Scientist
Agricultural Extension Education
S K U A S T-Jammu, RARS, Rajouri - 185131

N K Gupta
Senior Scientist
Water Management Research Centre
FoA, Chatha, S K U A S T-Jammu

S K Kher
Professor and Head
Division of Agricultural Extension Education
FoA, Chatha, S K U A S T-Jammu


The study was an attempt to evaluate the impact of 14 days trainers’ training programme on “Scaling up of Water Productivity in Agriculture for Livelihood through Teaching cum Demonstration” sponsored by Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, organized by Water Management Research Centre (WMRC), Faculty of Agriculture, Chatha of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (SKUAST-J) w.e.f. August 18th –August 31st, 2009. It was conducted among 24  in-service candidates (3 Horticulture Development Officers of  State Department of Horticulture, 8 Agriculture Extension Officers and 11 Subject Matter Specialists of State Department of Agricultural Production and 2 Agricultural Scientists of SKUAST-Jammu) with an  objective to create a trained manpower in agriculture sector. A well structured interview schedule was devised to collect the information about trainees’ background, extent of fulfillment of expectations, training effectiveness, level of confidence, relevance of course contents, utility of topics covered and opinion of trainees about training programme. Collected information was analyzed with suitable statistical techniques. The study revealed that majority of the trainees were male, Subject Matter Specialists, above 42 years of age, Masters in Agriculture and had service experience of above 16 years. Fifty percent of the participants expressed that their expectations were extremely met by attending the training programme. 58.34 percent of the trainees expressed that they have developed high level of confidence after training. 54.16 per cent of the participants felt that the training programme was highly effective. Besides, majority of the topics covered in the training programme were perceived as highly relevant and most useful by the trainees. Moreover, majority of the trainees had favourable opinion towards the training programme.


Water availability per capita in India was over 5000 cu.m. per annum in 1950 and now it stands at about 2000 cu.m. and estimated to be just 1500 cu. m. by year 2035. Water availability less than 1700 cu. m. is considered as stress level on account of increasing population. The demand for food items is rising. We have no alternative but to enhance our agricultural productivity by improving and properly utilizing resources at hands. In this context, water management will play a key role in conserving and utilizing every drop of water to enhance crop productivity with less water. It is essential to adopt improved irrigation methods, optimum irrigation scheduling, appropriate soil and crop management practices to overcome production constraints for higher yields. Sustainability in agriculture production is now the need of the hour. This can be achieved through proper management of our land and judicious use of irrigation water resources at watershed level.

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