Academic & Law Serials


Indian Journal of Social Research Vol.53 (4) (July - Aug, 2012) (315 - 324)


Aishwarya Dudi
S M S (Home Science)
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, CAZRI, Pali-Marwar (Rajasthan)

Archana Raj Singh
Associate Professor and Head, HECM Department
College of Home Science, SKRAU, Bikaner (Rajasthan)

M L Meena
S M S (Agricultural Extention)
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, CAZRI, Pali-Marwar (Rajasthan)


The present study was conducted on awareness of rural and urban women about female foeticide. For the selection of rural respondents, Bikaner panchayat samiti and for urban respondents Bikaner city were divided into four major parts i.e. east, west, north and south zone. Total eight wards and eight villages (two wards and two villages from each zone) were selected randomly. From each ward and village, a list of women was prepared who were upto 35 years age. With the help of lists, total 320 respondents comprising 160 respondents from rural area and 160 respondents from urban area were selected through proportionate allocation random sampling method. Results depicted that majority of the rural respondents (72.50%) and urban respondents (62.50%) had medium awareness about sex ratio. The reason most cited for the decline in sex ratio was female foeticide by 48.13 per cent rural and 91.25 per cent urban respondents. Dowry was stated by more than ninety per cent rural and urban respondents as being a reason for committing female foeticide. Overall majority of the rural (70%) and urban (75.62%) respondents had medium awareness about female foeticide. Significant difference was found among the awareness levels of rural and urban respondents by ‘Z’ value (6.77, significant at 1 per cent level of significance).


Women are worshipped and revered in every form in India. For the women she symbolize coverage and strength in the form of ‘Shakti’, ‘Durga’, ‘Kali’ who crushed demons, Asuras, Rakshas and all form of evil in the world to usher harmony in the universe. Beside religious inclinations, women have always been accorded a highly revered status in every relationship that of the mother, sister and wife in the Indian society. Women have been increasingly in highest positions in the political as well as in the corporate and business world.

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