Academic & Law Serials


National Geographer, Vol.XLVIII, No. 1 + 2 (Jan-June, July-Dec. 2013), Pages 27-39

Tribal Culture in Balrampur: A Geographical Perspective

Shyam Deep Mishra
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Richa Chaturvedi
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak


The paper attempts to assess various physical and cultural characteristics of Tharu tribes in Balrampur district. For this purpose sample survey of Tharu tribes has been conducted by questionnaire method. There are mainly two distinct blocks, Pachperwa and Gainsari in which Tharu tribes are dominant. Physically, they are short statured, yellow brown or brown complexioned, broad faced and plain nose mainly belonging to Mongoloid racial stock. Culturally, they have their unique traditions, customs and social values which have a direct or indirect effect on their way of living. Tharus follow Hindu religion. Family Structure of Tharu tribes in Balrampur district is joint and Tharu woman has the dominant position in all family activities. They purely follow Hindu seasonal calendar for marriage purpose. Generally they build their house by mud, wood and grass and size of house depends on the size of family. Maghi (Makar Sankranti) and Phaguwa (Holi) are very popular festivals in Tharu community in Balrampur distrct.

Key words: Tharu, Tribe, Festival, Marriage, Birth, Death


      The study of Indian tribes has impressed many researchers for a long time. India has a pluralist country, with rich diversity, reflected in the multitude of cultures, religions, languages and racial stocks. The Constitution of India, in article 366, has defined the scheduled tribes as such of those tribes or tribal communities which have been so declared by the constitution order under article 342 for the purpose of the constitution. There are 574 tribal groups who have been identified as scheduled tribes in which Tharu is an important tribal group in Uttar Pradesh. A tribal society is defined as one composed of a relatively small group of people, who are intimately connected with themselves within the community, who have a strong feeling of group solidarity with an inward focusing orientation usually cut off from outside contacts. Behaviours and economic activity are fixed by convention and tradition, respectively and kinship ties are quite important (Redfield 1947)...

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