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Sustainable Livelihood of Rural Women Through Off- Farm Enterprises in Angul District, Odisha


Dr. Sumita Acharya
Subject Matter Specialists,
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Angul,
Odisha
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Dr. Bineeta Satpathy
Subject Matter Specialists,
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Angul,
Odisha
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Abstract


Rural women play a praiseworthy role in making livelihoods for their households. The present study deals with the impact of off-farm enterprises on livelihood and specific role played by KVK in promoting women friendly technologies. The sample of the study consisted of 120 women in six villages of Angul District those are involvement with dairy, goat rearing, backyard poultry, vermicomposting, mushroom, vegetables, apiculture and value addition. Data was collected from the farm women and the economics of all enterprises with the help of pre structured and pretested interview schedule. On the basis of Benefit-cost ratio backyard poultry, mushroom and vegetables were found positively correlated with income and standard of living of small and marginal rural women. The majority of the rural women (60%) indicated that their livelihoods improved through off farm enterprises. But the most common constraint faced by rural women is inadequate finance and lack of knowledge to run the enterprise (as indicated by constraint index 236 followed by 204). Keeping in view the above facts, KVK was conducted intensive training programmes in adopted villages to improve the knowledge of women for better living and empower them for undertaking the enterprises so that they can contribute towards family income and improve the financial status of their families. Further, impact analysis of the training programme was done and the results showed that almost all the respondents gained full knowledge of all the aspects of training programmes. But most of them used the knowledge gained for household use instead of commercial use. However, the successful implementation of these enterprises depends upon the effective cooperation of major intervening agencies for rural livelihood.


Keywords: Livelihood, Off-farm, Enterprises, Technologies, Knowledge.

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